Image of Leandro Navarro
Leandro Navarro

Nurturing closeness and collaboration

We live in a rapidly changing world, where nature has imposed its conditions and shown us its limits, not only climatic but also in terms of health. Our ability to transport ourselves and interact in the material world has been drastically limited and the digital medium has assumed a more essential role. This has changed our ability to be in many places, at many times, depending on our access to the digital world. New possibilities but also new challenges, grievances, inequalities and more painful exploitation in a medium that is not universal in availability and costs. It is a source of joy and hope to see that APC continues to be active and to expand its activity and impact in all the key result areas of the strategic plan and in the variety of activities of each APC member.

From the board of directors we seek to represent all members in the governance of APC. While we lack opportunities to get together, talk and share hope, ideas, plans and activities, I encourage you to contact any board member, staff and members by email, lists and other channels. Sharing your concerns and proposals helps to nurture and maintain closeness and collaboration. We miss you all in the exciting face-to-face meetings, but we also feel you close when we organise and meet in digital events, exchange individual or group calls and messages and read each other and comment on the mailing lists.

A warm hug! My wishes for health, love and activism! The present and the future are at stake!

Image of Chat Garcia Ramilo
Chat Garcia Ramilo

Our year of Cs

2020 for APC started in Cebu, an island in the Philippines, where our team gathered together for our once-a-year staff meeting in February. Two weeks before the meeting, news of the coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan and its spread in other Asian cities was reported. The question before us was: should we go ahead with our meeting with staff travelling from more than 25 countries? And how do we keep ourselves safe?

In early February, information about the virus was only starting to emerge. With whatever news that we could lay our hands on, our team weighed our options. We felt that the risks at that time were still low and that we could mitigate them. We re-routed travel away from cities where there were outbreaks. We asked all staff to wear masks and keep a safe distance during their travel. More importantly, staff had the option to not travel to the staff meeting if they felt unsafe. In the end, everyone came together. It was a gift to have had two weeks of reflecting, planning and bonding together physically. (Even though we had heard that the first detected case of an infected tourist in the Philippines travelled through Cebu!)

By the time we were all back in our homes, the pandemic had taken hold. We had to push the reset button and adapt. And we did it with a very clear direction of how we were going to contribute to building an imperfect, but safer and connected space for our community.

We listened to context. Everyone’s experience of the pandemic was different and each one’s context was fluid and changed throughout the year. We made every effort to listen to how COVID-19 affected those we worked closely with. Their stories shaped how APC responded to the pandemic. Closer than ever: Keeping our movements connected and inclusive became both our call and strategy.

We prioritised care. We learned what care meant for every one of us – staff, members and partners. We changed our plans to make sure that we did not put anyone in harm’s way. By late March, we paused all travel for work. By April, we moved all of our activities online and made resources available so people could get connected safely. We reached out to our partners and donors who, like us, were figuring out how to adjust and adapt. We allowed ourselves the time and resources we needed to care for ourselves, our families and our communities.

We nurtured connections. Keeping connected with one another at a time when many of us were confined in our homes kept the APC network together. When all of our work moved online and digital became our way of life, we dug deep into APC’s 30 years of being a virtual organisation. We updated and republished “Closer than ever”, a guide for social change organisations working online. We knew from experience that connections online need to be anchored in building relationships, in addition to information that helps organisations in their technology choices. This past year, we’ve talked to and learned from many activists and organisations. We are now self-hosting free/libre and open source software (FLOSS) platforms and tools which we share with the APC community.

We fostered our community. The APC network was our most valuable resource in responding to the challenges of the pandemic. Throughout the year, we increased support to members and partners responding to the pandemic at the local level through grants, by sharing strategies and forming collaborations. We kept our focus tightly on amplifying community voices, sharing resources and building each other’s capacity in defending the erosion of rights during the pandemic.

The most important moment for the APC network in 2020 was the celebration of our 30th anniversary. The challenging circumstances of the pandemic meant that we had to rethink how we gathered for our triennial global member convening. We celebrated three decades of resistance, transformation, solidarity and diversity by holding our convening remotely in real time through a self-hosted FLOSS meeting platform. The member convening was immensely rich in terms of the abundance of meetings and sessions and diverse in terms of technology used. APC created a shared space which provided various possibilities for personal interaction, exchange and learning. There was music, dance, poetry, body work and games that brought lightness and care.

In a year where we all experienced pain, grief and loss, our shared commitment to change is what kept us together.

The stories in this annual report demonstrate the determination, resilience and creativity of the APC network.

About APC


Our vision is for people to use and shape the internet and digital technologies to create a just and sustainable world, leading to greater care for ourselves, each other and the earth.


We believe that our mission is achieved through five interlinked strategies: research, advocacy, building networks and capacity, communications and outreach. To be instrumental to the APC community, research-based evidence must be communicated effectively in order to support advocacy, which then achieves change as its ultimate goal.


Our mission is to create a just and sustainable world by harnessing the collective power of activists, organisations, excluded groups, communities and social movements, to challenge existing power structures and ensure that the internet is developed and governed as a global public good.

Our impact

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Member grants

2020 was the fifth year of APC’s subgranting programme, implemented with support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida). These subgrants are aimed at enabling our member organisations to contribute towards achieving APC’s vision. Two types of grants are offered: project grants and research and campaign grants.

The project grants are intended to contribute to the implementation of APC’s strategic plan at the national level, as well as to strengthen ongoing work of APC members that is linked to APC’s strategic priorities.

The campaign and research grants are for local activities that contribute to members’ advocacy work, and are also meant to enable members to participate in APC-wide campaigns.

In spite of the difficult circumstances, in 2020 our members have done incredible work. 18 project grants were awarded, for a total of USD 363,076, as well as 19 research and campaign grants, totalling USD 95,000.

Check out the project grants implemented in 2020 here, and the campaign and research grants here.

Some 2020 highlights:

made improvements to HERMES, a system that enables digital communications over shortwave radio in rural and Indigenous communities
SPACE Kerala
built a model for disaster preparedness in India, based oncollective action and open data
APC's subgranting programme with support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)


In December 2020, APC had 57 organisational members and 33 individual members active in 71 different countries, with the majority based in the global South.

  • Organizational members Organizational members
  • Individual members Individual members

APC Member organisations

In December 2020, APC had 57 organisational members active in 59 countries.

Individual members

In 2020, APC had 33 individual members in 26 countries.

  • Argentina

    • Damian Loreti
  • Australia

    • Sylvia Cadena
    • Andrew Garton
    • Ian W. Peter
  • Bangladesh

    • Bazlur Rahman
  • Brazil

    • Renata Aquino Ribeiro
    • Vera Vieira
  • Canada

    • Stéphane Couture
  • Colombia

    • Mario Morales Rincón
  • Congo, Republic Of The

    • Patience Luyeye
  • Czech Republic

    • Honza Malík
  • Ethiopia

    • Melaku Girma
  • Germany

    • Jeanette Hofmann
  • Guinea

    • Serge Ziehi
  • India

    • Japleen Pasricha
  • Italy

    • Leonardo Maccari
  • Jordan

    • Inam Ali
  • Malaysia

    • Gayathry Venkiteswaran
  • Netherlands

    • Rolf Kleef
  • New Zealand

    • Joy Liddicoat
  • Peru

    • Eiko Kawamura
  • Senegal

    • Makane Faye
  • Switzerland

    • William Drake
  • South Africa

    • Towela Nyirenda-Jere
    • Alex Comninos
  • Tunisia

    • Rafik Dammak
  • Uganda

    • Helen Nyinakiiza
  • United States

    • Mitra Ardron
    • Avri Doria
    • Mark Graham
    • Mallory Knodel
  • Uruguay

    • Pablo Accuosto
  • Zimbabwe

    • Natasha Msonza


Board of directors

From October 2020

  • Leandro Navarro, Associació Pangea - Coordinadora Comunicació per a la Cooperació, Spain (chair)
  • Bishakha Datta, Point of View, India (vice-chair)
  • Sylvie Siyam, PROTEGE QV, Cameroon
  • Liz Probert, GreenNet, United Kingdom (secretary)
  • Julián Casabuenas G., Colnodo, Colombia (secretary)
  • Pavel Antonov,, Bulgaria
  • Oona Castro, Nupef, Brazil
  • Sol Luca de Tena, Zenzeleni NPC, South Africa (treasurer)
  • Chat Garcia Ramilo, APC, Philippines (executive director)

Until October 2020

  • Bishakha Datta, Point of View, India (chair)
  • Leandro Navarro, Pangea, Spain (vice-chair)
  • Liz Probert, GreenNet, United Kingdom (secretary)
  • Sylvie Siyam, PROTEGE QV, Cameroon (treasurer)
  • Julián Casabuenas G., Colnodo, Colombia
  • Michel Lambert, Alternatives, Canada
  • Osama Manzar, Digital Empowerment Foundation, India
  • Chat Garcia Ramilo, APC, Philippines (executive director)

Council representatives

Staff team in 2020

  • Executive director: Chat Garcia Ramilo, Philippines
  • Operations director: Karen Banks, Australia
  • CIPP manager: Valeria Betancourt, Ecuador
  • Asia policy regional coordinator: Gayatri Khandhadai, India
  • CHALLENGE project coordinator: Pavitra Ramanujam, India
  • CHALLENGE project administrative coordinator: Shivi, India
  • AfDec project coordinator and AfriSIG organiser: Koliwe Majama, Zimbabwe
  • APC Labs community networks coordinator: Mike Jensen, Portugal
  • Local networks co-lead – strategy and policy: Carlos Rey-Moreno, Spain
  • Local networks co-lead – development and coordination: Kathleen Diga, South Africa
  • Community networks gender and women’s engagement coordinator: Cynthia El Khoury, Lebanon
  • Community networks movement building coordinator: Nicolás Andrés Pace, Argentina
  • Community networks project administrative assistant: Ndunge E. Kiundi, Kenya
  • Local networks policy coordinator: Elvin Prasad (from 9 November 2020)
  • Intern: Janny Montinat, Canada
  • WRP co-manager – women's rights policy: Janine Moolman, South Africa
  • WRP co-manager – networking and capacity building: Katerina Fialova, Czech Republic
  • WRP co-manager – knowledge building: Namita Aavriti, India
  • Spanish-English editor and content production coordinator: Mariana Fossatti Cabrera, Uruguay
  • Feminist Tech Exchange (FTX) coordinator: Jennifer Radloff, South Africa
  • Latin American and the Caribbean capacity building and networking coordinator: Erika Smith, Mexico
  • Sexual rights project and network coordinator: hvale vale, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Feminist Internet Research Network project coordinator: Tigist Hussen, South Africa
  • Online gender-based violence coordinator: Sheena Magenya, Kenya
  • Women's rights policy advocacy coordinator: Marwa Azelmat, Morocco (from 27 April 2020)
  • Intern and freelance assistant: Florie Dumas-Kemp
  • Global policy advocacy coordinator: Verónica Ferrari, Argentina
  • Human rights policy advocacy lead: Paula Martins, Canada (from 15 June 2020)
  • Senior adviser on policy advocacy, internet governance and strategic planning (consultant): Anriette Esterhuysen, South Africa
  • Adviser: Avri Doria, United States
  • Communications manager: Flavia Fascendini, Argentina
  • Media outreach lead: Leila Nachawati Rego, Spain
  • Language coordinator: Lori Nordstrom, Uruguay
  • Publications and multimedia coordinator: Cathy Chen, Canada/Taiwan
  • Content production and curation lead/GISWatch coordinator: Maja Romano, Canada
  • Local networks project communications associate: Débora Prado, Brazil (from 30 November)
  • CHALLENGE project communications associate (consultant): Chris Ann Mel Bugnot, Philippines (from 1 September)
  • GISWatch editor (consultant): Alan Finlay, Argentina/South Africa
  • Communications intern and assistant: Carmen Ferri, Canada (until 31 December)
  • Communications intern: Marta Kopp, Canada (until 30 August)
  • Network and membership building coordinator: Karel Novotný, Portugal
  • Grants coordinator and executive assistant: Vassilis Chryssos, Greece (from 31 March 2020)
  • Finance manager: Maya Sooka, South Africa
  • Senior finance coordinator: Fatima Bhyat, South Africa
  • Finance associate: Christine Nyambo, Zimbabwe
Technical team
  • Tech coordinator: Roxana Bassi, Argentina
  • Technical systems developer: Adolfo Dunayevich Garber, Mexico
  • Web developer: Maja Kraljic, Slovenia/Germany
  • Technical system administrator (sysadmin): kosa, Mexico (from 22 July)
  • Technical support and developer: Avinash Kuduvalli, India (from 22 July)
Technology and environmental justice initiative
  • Logistics coordinator/technology and environmental justice initiative coordinator: Shawna Finnegan, Canada
Human resources, admin and resource mobilisation
  • Administrative officer: Eunice Mwesigwa, South Africa
  • Resource mobilisation coordinator: Natalia Tariq, Pakistan


Financial supporters

  • AmplifyChange (agreement administered by Mannion Daniels Ltd.)
    • Expanding EROTICS Networks in South Asia
  • Delegation of the European Union to Thailand (EIDHR)
    • Challenging hate narratives and violations of freedom of religion and expression online in Asia
  • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
    • Strengthening a rights-based approach to data protection in Africa
  • Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, through the Directorate of Development Cooperation (DGIS) FLOW II Fund via Creating Resources for Empowerment in Action (CREA)
    • All Women Count!
  • Ford Foundation
    • General support and core and project support for institutional strengthening
    • Support for the chair of the United Nations Internet Governance Forum's Multistakeholder Advisory Group
  • Foreign Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    • Mentorship Programme/Digital Access Programme
    • Supporting Community-Led Approaches to Addressing the Digital Divide
  • Global Fund for Women
    • General support grant
  • Hivos
    • Pass-through grant for Samabhabona
  • International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
    • Making a Feminist Internet
  • Oak Foundation
    • Unrestricted support to the APC Women's Rights Programme
    • Strengthening feminist digital skills in Brazil
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
    • Core support for the APC Strategic Action Plan 2020-2023
  • United States Department of State (DRL)
    • Securing human rights online in Africa through a strong and active “African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms” network
  • Anonymous
    • General support for the APC Women's Rights Programme
  • APNIC Foundation
    Number Resource Organization
    • Support for the chair of the United Nations Internet Governance Forum's Multistakeholder Advisory Group
  • Internet Governance Forum Support Association (IGFSA)
    • Support for the African IGF 2020-2021
  • Internet Society (ISOC)
    • Support for community networks
  • Astraea Foundation
    • CommsLabs Program for Eastern Europe and Central Asia (USAID sub-award)
  • International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
    • White paper to assess the relevance of feminist internet research in relation to internet governance and policy
  • Prospera International Network of Women's Funds
    • Support to Prospera members for strengthening their digital security protocols/systems
  • Social Media Exchange Association (SMEX)
    • CASEDATA Initiative for CYRILLA (DRL sub-award)
  • Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
    • Gender and Cyber Research

APC financial statements for 2020

The 2020 audited financial statements will be available after October 2021 here.

Balance sheet at 31 December 2020

2020 (USD)
2019 (USD)
Non-current assets 665 997
Equipment 665 997
Current assets 4,542,397 2,242,748
Accounts receivable 205,248 127,719
Accrued income – grants 41,404 42,645
Cash and cash equivalents 4,295,745 2,072,384
TOTAL ASSETS 4,543,062 2,243,745
Reserves and sustainability funds 776,852 617,950
Sustainability funds 578,249 579,240
Retained income 198,603 38,710
Current liabilities 3,766,209 1,625,795
Accounts payable 99,700 214,790
Deferred income from grants 3,629,842 1,374,338
Provision for leave pay 36,667 36,667

Income statement for the year ended 31 December 2020

2020 (USD)
2019 (USD)
INCOME 4,045,749 5,549,774
Grants 3,826,567 5,189,490
Commissioned services, contributions and event income 171,145 310,742
Membership fees 28,950 25,919
Sales and sundry 9,845 23,623
Passthrough grants 9,242 0
EXPENDITURE 3,974,661 5,396,777
Governance, Programme Development, Monitoring and Evaluation and Administration 619,913 747,468
Network development and sub-granting 481,484 610,446
Communications and technical units 458,830 426,717
Communications and Information Policy Programme 563,402 504,047
Global Advocacy and Policy Strategy 258,841 183,012
Community Networks 646,607 1,828,187
Women’s Rights Programme 945,584 1,096,899

Income statement for the year ended 31 December 2020